A short provisional formula suitable for a possible preliminary peace to be found for a basis for the economic agreements to be concluded with France and Belgium. where most of the population is Flemish, can without danger be attached to this unaltered Belgium. Holland, then, must be left independent in externals, but be made internally dependent on us. The ore-field of Briey, which is necessary for the supply of ore for our industry, to be ceded in any case. For this purpose France must be so weakened as to make her revival as a great power impossible for all time. Das so genannte " Septemberprogramm " des deutschen Reichskanzlers Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg gehört zu den wichtigsten deutschen Dokumenten am Beginn des Ersten Weltkriegs (1914-1918) . September 1914 versenkte U9 unter Kapitänleutnant Otto Weddigen in der Nordsee auf einen Schlag drei britische Kreuzer. After August Bebel (1840–1913), the chairman of the SPD, died in 1913, Philipp Scheidemann (1865-1939) and Friedrich Ebert (1871–1925) shared his political position. (February 2018) ... Bethmann presented the Septemberprogramm, which was a survey of ideas from the Elite should Germany win the war. Le Septemberprogramm est la recension des buts de guerre poursuivi par le chancelier allemand Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg. and at the mouth of the Scheldt. The extensive territorial conquests proposed in the Septemberprogramm included making a vassal state of Belgium, annexing portions of France, expanding its colonies in Africa, and seizing much of the Russian Empire. All of them, however, advocated German hegemony on t… During the July Crisis,…. Some of his work is based on Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg's Septemberprogramm which laid out Germany's war aims. Von den militärischen Stellen zu beurteilen, ob die Abtretung von Belfort, des Westabhangs der Vogesen, die Schleifung der Festungen und die Abtretung des … [1], As geopolitics, the Septemberprogramm itself is a documentary insight to Imperial Germany's war aims, and shows the true scope of German plans for territorial expansion in two directions, east and west. In September 1914 the need to plan for a postwar world prompted chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg to draft a memorandum that became known as the Septemberprogramm… Das Attentat von Sarajevo, bei dem serbische Nationalisten den österreichisch-ungarischen Thronfolger Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand und seine Gemahlin Sophie ermorden, löst die Julikrise aus, und mit dem darauf folgenden Ersten Weltkrieg schlittert die Menschheit in die „Urkatastrophe des 20. At any rate Belgium, even it allowed to continue to exist as a state, must be reduced to a vassal state, must allow us to occupy any militarily important ports, must place her coast at our disposal in military respects, must become economically a German province. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. The Septemberprogramm(German:[zɛpˈtɛmbɐpʁoˌɡʁam]) was the plan for the territorial expansion of Imperial Germany, prepared for ChancellorTheobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, at the beginning of World War I(1914–18). Browse historical events, famous birthdays and notable deaths from Sep 4, 1914 or search by date, day or keyword. : Reichskanzler Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg versuchte zwar, über die Pressezensur eine öffentliche Kriegszieldebatte zu unterbinden, erstellte aber schon während des deutschen Vormarsches in Frankreich am 9. C'est un programme expansionniste en Europe qui vise à mettre en place une … It detailed Germany's ambitious gains should it win the war, as it expected. September 1914 für den internen Kreis der Reichsregierung eine "vorläufige Aufzeichnung über … Furthermore: a commercial treaty which makes France economically dependent on Germany, secures the French market for our exports and makes it possible to exclude British commerce from France. [7][8] However, since Germany did not win the war, it was never put into effect. This association will not have any common constitutional supreme authority and all its members will be normally equal, but in practice will be under German leadership and must stabilise Germany's economic dominance over ... 1909–1914. Reichskanzler Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, vor 1915. [2] While debate exists over how much this document reflected Bethmann’s real views, it did come to represent the prevailing view of the military, which in turn came to speak increasingly for Germany as a whole. »Ziele des Krieges im einzelnen: Frankreich. Deutschlandlied (popular after 1914) ("Song of Germany") The German Empire in 1914. Dies ist auch bekannt als „12-Punkte-Programm“, weil bei den ersten Veröffentlichungen Punkt 13, … Zu diesem Zweck muß Frankreich so geschwächt werden, dass es als Großmacht nicht neu erstehen kann, Rußland von der deutschen Grenze nach Möglichkeit abgedrängt und seine Herrschaft über die nichtrussischen Vasallenvölker gebrochen werden. As historian Raffael Scheck concluded, "The government, finally, never committed itself to anything. September 1914 gab die Kriegsziele der Reichsleitung zu Beginn des Ersten Weltkrieges wieder. In view of the Dutch character, this closer relationship must leave them free of any feeling of compulsion, must alter nothing in the Dutch way of life, and must also subject them to no new military obligations. September 1914 ein „13-Punkte-Programm“, welches in manchen Aspekten als Gegenpart zum Septemberprogramm Bethmann Hollwegs anzusehen ist. Search metadata Search text contents Search TV news captions Search archived web sites Advanced Search. Kaufen Sie Platten, CDs und mehr von 1914 auf dem Discogs-Marktplatz. The Septemberprogramm (German: [zɛpˈtɛmbɐpʁoˌɡʁam]) was the plan for the territorial expansion of the German Empire, prepared for Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, at the beginning of World War I (1914–18). The Septemberprogramm (German for September program) was a plan drafted by the German leadership in the early weeks of the First World War. Current research thus often emphasizes that the so-called Septemberprogramm of 9 September 1914 does not constitute a coherent concept, but rather a loose array of demands attributed to various groups. The Septemberprogramm (German for September program) was a plan drafted by Mattias Erzberger by 2 September and published by the German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg on 9 September 1914, five weeks into the First World War. Das Septemberprogramm von Reichskanzler Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg vom 9. It detailed Germany's specific war aims, and the conditions that Germany sought to force … September 1914: 1. (ням.) Septemberprogramm Information. The Chancellor's private secretary, Kurt Riezler, drafted the Septemberprogrammon 9 September 1914, in the early days of the German attack in the west, when Germany expected to defeat … Further, a war indemnity, to be paid in instalments; it must be high enough to prevent France from spending any considerable sums on armaments in the next 15-20 years. Jonathan Steinberg has suggested that if the Schlieffen Plan had worked, and produced a decisive German victory, like the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, the Septemberprogramm would have been implemented, thus establishing German hegemony in Europe. The role of German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg in the outbreak of war was fairly well understood even at the time. Dec. 15, 2020 ... as reflected both in the German Septemberprogramm of 1914 and in Hitler’s obsessions with the Atlantic ports between 1940 and 1945. What happened on September 4, 1914. "[9], In the east, on the other hand, Germany and her allies did demand and achieve significant territorial and economic concessions from Russia in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and from Romania in the Treaty of Bucharest. Belgium, Erich von Ludendorff, France, Germany, newspapers, occupation, Poland. We must create a central European economic association through common customs treaties, to include France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Austria-Hungary, Poland "sic", and perhaps Italy, Sweden and Norway. The Chancellor's private secretary, Kurt Riezler, drafted the Septemberprogramm on 9 September 1914, in the early days of the German attack in the west, when Germany expected to defeat France quickly and decisively. Against the backdrop of growing tensions and the looming military breakdown of France at the height of the Battle of the Marne, Bethmann-Hollweg eventually composed an agenda of war aims that clearly reflected specific internal concerns. Entdecken Sie Veröffentlichungen von 1914 auf Discogs. September, 1914 Bethmann Hollweg Chapter 34: The general aim of the war is security for the German Reich in west and east for all imaginable time. [8], contiguous German colony across central Africa, "Deutsch-Französische Materialien: Kriegsziele Deutschlands", "Military Operations and Plans for German Domination of Europe", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Septemberprogramm&oldid=995576606, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, France should cede some northern territory, such as the iron-ore mines at. Other articles where September Program is discussed: 20th-century international relations: War aims of the belligerents: …shape at once in the September Program of Bethmann. Retrieved on 2010-09-15. This page of the Primary Documents section of the website collects together archive source documents originating in 1914, the year the First World War began. Der Erste Weltkrieg wurde von 1914 bis 1918 in Europa, im Nahen Osten, in Afrika, Ostasien und auf den Ozeanen geführt. Fischer was later to call Bethmann-Hollweg the "Hitler of 1914". 9 September 1914. Full text of the Septemberprogramm (DeuFraMat = Deutsch-französische Materialien für den Geschichts- und Geographieunterricht (German-French Materials for Historical and Geographic Education)) (ням.) Question whether Antwerp, with a corridor to Liége, should also be annexed remains open. Dies ist auch bekannt als „12-Punkte-Programm“, weil bei den ersten Veröffentlichungen Punkt 13, … Sicherung des Deutschen Reiches nach West und Ost auf erdenkliche Zeit. Il est rendu public le 9 septembre 1914, cinq semaines après le début de la guerre. Das allgemeine Ziel des Krieges. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 20:23. Septemberprogramm. Search Text GO. Given such a solution, which offers the advantages of annexation without its inescapable domestic political disadvantages, French Flanders with Dunkirk, Calais and Boulogne, The competent quarters will have to judge the military value of this position against England. The September Program bears the signature of Reich Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg. This treaty must secure for us financial and industrial freedom of movement in France in such fashion that German enterprises can no longer receive different treatment from French. Controversially, Fischer asserted a version of the Sonderweg thesis that drew a connection between aggression in 1914 and 1939. Just to add a bit to this, the Septemberprogramm was embedded into a larger debate in Germany, the Kriegszieldebatte, the war aims debate, were several intellectuals or influential people did publish their programs for German war aims.The most extreme were the Pan-German League, who basically wanted a colonial empire in Europe. Plötzlich war das U-Boot eine ernstzunehmende Waffe, die geeignet erschien, der britischen Überlegenheit auf allen Ozeanen aus der Tiefe heraus entgegenzutreten. Historian Fritz Fischer wrote that the Septemberprogramm was based on the Lebensraum philosophy, which made territorial expansion Imperial Germany's primary motive for war. Das Septemberprogramm des Reichskanzlers Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg am 9. upload UPLOAD; person. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. September 1914 ein „13-Punkte-Programm“, welches in manchen Aspekten als Gegenpart zum Septemberprogramm Bethmann Hollwegs anzusehen ist. The Septemberprogramm was not effected because France withstood the initial German attack, the war devolved into a trench-warfare stalemate, and ultimately ended in German defeat. September Program (Septemberprogramm) A four-page document issued by the Reich Chancellery in its final version on September 9, 1914, with the innocuous title of Vorläufige Richtlinien über unsere Politik bei Friedensschluß(Provisional Political Guidelines for when Peace is Concluded). He had been unable to check France's diplomatic resurgence or slow the Kaiser's ruinous naval arms race with Britain. Mitteleuropa. September 1914 und die heutige EU-Krise Neu!! Das Septemberprogramm 1914. France will partially disarm by demolishing its northern forts. • (in German) Full text of the Septemberprogramm. Possibly one might consider an offensive and defensive alliance, to cover the colonies; in any case a close customs association, perhaps the cession of Antwerp to Holland in return for the right to keep a German garrison in the fortress of Antwerp 9 September 1914. It had ordered the Septemberprogramm as an informal hearing in order to learn about the opinion of the economic and military elites. Mehr sehen » Erster Weltkrieg. English Translation. Das Jahr 1914 stellt in mehrfacher Hinsicht eine historische Zäsur dar. Full text of the Septemberprogramm. Career before the War ↑. 09 September 1914 - War Aims. Retrieved on 2010-09-15. It detailed Germany's specific war aims, and the conditions that Germany sought to force upon the Allied Powers . Septemberprogramm The "September programm " was a plan outlined by German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg on 9 September 1914 , five weeks into the First World War . [3], The Septemberprogramm was a list of goals for Germany to achieve in the war:[4][5], The Septemberprogramm was based on suggestions from Germany's industrial, military, and political leadership.